The Aedes Mosquito
- A C T I V E D U R I N G T H E D A Y
- P R E F E R T O F E E D O N H UMANS
- SMA L L W I T H B L A C K A N D WH I T E S T R I P E S
Female Aedes Mosquitoes lay their eggs singly along the sides of container
The eggs can lay dormant for several years and will hatch when conditions are right and water is present.
What is an Aedes mosquito?
The Aedes mosquito is a small, black and white striped, day time biting nuisance. Although we do not necessarily have these types of diseases here yet, the Aedes female mosquito can spread Zika, dengue, chikungunya, and other viruses. Because Aedes mosquitoes live near and prefer to feed on people, they are more likely to spread these viruses than other types of mosquitoes.
Where do Aedes mosquitoes lay eggs?
Aedes mosquitoes favor man-made containers and other small sources. The invasive, black-and-white mosquitoes can lay their eggs individually along the waterline of any container. The eggs can withstand very dry conditions and remain viable for many months in the absence of water.These mosquitoes can live and complete their life cycle either indoors or outdoors.
Why do I see these mosquitoes inside my home?
The Aedes mosquito has adapted to rural, suburban and urban human environments. Aedes mosquitoes can thrive indoors and breed in tiny areas around your house, such as:
- Coffee maker trays
- Refrigerator water dispenser
- Vases with water
- Plant cuttings in water
- Pet water dishes
- Tropical indoor plants that hold water in the top stem Saucers from potted plants
Eggs can remain alive for years, and hatch into larvae when conditions are right.
Why do I see Aedes mosquitoes in my backyard?
The Aedes mosquito has adapted to rural, suburban and urban human environments. Aedes mosquitoes can thrive in areas around your property. Eggs are laid along the waterline of any water-holding container such as:
- Flower vases
- Plant saucers
- Used tires
- Plants that hold water like bamboo or bromeliads
- Eggs can remain alive for years, and hatch into larvae when conditions are right.
Why am I experiencing a larger presence of the Aedes mosquito this year than last year?
Unfortunately, the Aedes or ankle-biters are invading communities all over Orange County as they continue to expand residents are being faced with a new normal in which they need to:
- Be proactive in mosquito control
- Protect themselves from bites
- Adapt to a new way of enjoying the outdoors
Can Aedes mosquitoes spread diseases in Orange County?
Aedes mosquitoes currently do not transmit disease in Orange County, although they are capable
of transmitting certain diseases such as Dengue, Zika, and Yellow fever. That could change if a local mosquito were to bite a person who had recently become infected with the Zika virus while in an area where Zika was being transmitted. If you are planning to travel to a place where Zika or other mosquito-borne diseases are being actively transmitted, please take extra precautions to prevent mosquito bites. Use mosquito repellent while traveling and continue to use it for at least two weeks after you return to avoid infecting our local mosquitoes.
What can I do to protect myself from getting bit?
The best ways to avoid bites from the ankle-biting Aedes mosquito:
- Make sure you have checked your yard for any water sources to prevent breeding Wear an EPA registered repellent
- Wear loose, long-sleeved clothing (Aedes can bite through leggings)
- Connect with your neighbors to make sure they are aware of the issues
- If you have pot saucers add small gravel or sand to them to prevent water collecting
Why are my bites so large and itchy?
Since the Aedes mosquito is an invasive species, some people are not used to their saliva and might have a higher allergic reaction to the bites. They are aggressive biters that prod multiple times as well, so the large bite could be from multiple bites around a common area.
What else can I do to combat the invasive Aedes mosquito?
Mosquitoes prefer to rest during the day in shaded cool areas (especially on hot days), while they wait for a blood meal. You will typically find them resting in a shrubbery, under eaves, gazebos, pergolas, and other coverings. If it is a fixed shaded area, installing an overhead fan and placing it on high will help to create wind resistance and make the area less attractive to mosquitoes (also if mosquitoes cannot land on a person due to wind they will not be able to bite). Another option is to place a rotating fan or ground fan in the patio area where individuals are sitting to deter mosquitoes from landing.
What is Vector Control doing to address the Aedes issue?
It is important to note that currently the District’s adult mosquito control is targeting disease carrying mosquitoes, the Aedes mosquito, although an aggressive biter and affecting the quality of life in southern California, is not currently transmitting disease in Orange County. Therefore, source reduction and active community engagement, having neighbors keep properties clear and free of water sources will help in reducing the mosquito population.
Have other questions?
Contact us: (714) 971-2421
This information from this post was taken from The Aedes Mosquito FAQ provided by the Orange County Mosquito and Vector Control District.